Posts Tagged ‘indigenous REDD’

COICA’s+WWF’s Indigenous REDD+ proposal – without knowledge of indigenous grassroots

Tuesday, December 11th, 2012

By Earth Peoples

Juan Carlos Jintiach  at Rio+20 with indigenous youth dressed in US Department of Agriculture-The Nature Conservancy-USAID "Partner" T-shirts (PHOTO © REBECCA SOMMER)

Juan Carlos Jintiach at Rio+20 with indigenous youth dressed in US Department of Agriculture-The Nature Conservancy-USAID "Partner" T-shirts (PHOTO © REBECCA SOMMER)

COICA’s & Co’s professional UN conference hoppers (heavily funded and courted by pro-REDD Ford Foundation, the World Bank, Norway, WWF, Conservation International, UNAID, the Nature Conservancy, Environmental Defense Fund and others) held 18 May 2012 an Indigenous REDD+ event in Bonn, at the prep-meeting towards the UN Climate conference.

It was  Juan Carlos Jintiach, “International Cooperation Specialist” for COICA, that shared “his people’s” vision towards Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+).

In October 2012, an international delegation including indigenous leaders from Mexico, Brazil and Ecuador visited California, to oppose California’s proposed carbon offset scheme.

The “No REDD! Tour” has generated a sometimes heated debate.

Truth spoken by Mililani Trask (Photo © Rebecca Sommer)

Truth spoken by Mililani Trask at Earth Peoples REDD oneOone side event (Photo © Rebecca Sommer)

Earth Peoples sponsored a side event “REDD oneOone”, during the 8th Session of the PFII.
Mililani Trask was one of the outspoken truth-speakers. Her speech can be viewed in two video recordings, especially interesting in the second Video are her shared thoughts regarding a balancing test between rights and wrongs, the UNDRIP, UNDHR and “What happens to the rights of our Peoples?”
Video 1

When  Juan Carlos Jintiach and a dozen indigenous individuals and members of COICA announced 30 December 2012 the Indigenous REDD+ proposal at the UN Climate Change negotiations in Doha, that could be implemented with or without the carbon market, Indigenous groups, nations, peoples, that live on the ground had no say, no information, no knowledge, no consultation, and therefore no clue about what COICA is saying on their behalf at the international level.

“What has now been introduced as Indigenous REDD+ by COICA, is a long awaited proposal by indigenous peoples from the Amazon…” is stated at the WWF website, that started to “support” COICA since 2008, surely as soon as the false solution to climate change (REDD) became the newest fashion inside UN walls as well as outside.

“This is major contribution to the construction of the REDD+ mechanism, since it … promotes further cooperation of all parties…” continues WWF’s website article.

Maybe good for them – but bad for the people and bad for the climate.

“Our organization remains vigilant in its climate justice agenda seeking systems change not climate change. The continued UNFCCC attempts trying to establish assurances of a uncertain carbon market trading system is a false solution. The REDD+ implementation plans of the UNFCCC is a fundamentally flawed symptom of a deeper problem, not a step forward. It is a distraction that Mother Earth does not have time for. We should build on the many existing examples of successful forest conservation and restoration rather than investing billions of dollars in an untested, uncertain and questionable REDD+ scheme that is likely to undermine the environmental and social goals of the climate regime rather than support them.” Said Tom Goldtooth, director from the Indigenous Environmental Networrk in Doha.

“We only have One Mother Earth – let’s do what we can to stop global warming and halt this climate crisis.” Goldtooth added.

About a month ago, Earth Peoples was informed by European state representatives that the Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon Basin (COICA) had sent the Indigenous REDD+ proposal to states, with the goal to seek partnerships –  and ultimately, funding.

Some individuals of national indigenous organizations that belong to the rainforest regions in South America that are members of COICA responded to Earth Peoples that there was no decision being made by the people, nor at COICA meetings such as in Manaus with all members on the table, nor at Rio+20 at the Indigenous tent (Free Land Camp) on such Indigenous REDD+ proposal.

NO REDD! Pencil (Earth Peoples)

NO REDD! Pencil (Earth Peoples)

What is REDD? An introduction to REDD

BRAZIL: MUNDURUKU CHIEF CLARIFIES REDD CONTRACT FARSE with Celestial Green Ventures

Tuesday, March 27th, 2012

By Rebecca Sommer

It created waves of headlines around the world when the Munduruku, an indigenous nation of approximately 13000 living in the state Para, Brazil, signed a carbon credit sales contract (REDD) with Celestial Green Ventures.

Munduruku protesting against the dam (Photo © Rebecca Sommer)

Munduruku protest against dam (Photo © Rebecca Sommer)

But it wasn’t the community, that signed the contract.

I uncovered this fact during my 2 1/2 month visit in the  state Para where I was investigating the Belo Monte dam issue and the human rights situation of the indigenous peoples that would be directly impacted. (Also the Munduruka are trying to combat a dam in their area).

Upon hearing the announcement that they had signed a REDD contract, I called a human rights and climate justice colleague Marquinho Mora from the organization Faor. He informed that the Munduruku community was indeed very confused about the news that a contract was signed.

Interestingly, at the same time I was able to get my hands on 3 REDD contracts signed by three indigenous nations in the “Belo Monte” Altamira area with a criminal individual, by the name Benedito Milenio Junior.

Yet, Benedito had not signed the contract on behalf of his company, he signed as an individual, with no references to the company TopoGeo, that he claimed to the indigenous chiefs he would represent. To read more about this click article here.

Back to the Mundurukus’ REDD tale…

One of the chiefs, Osmarino Manhoari Munduruku, who lives in one of the 120 Munduruku villages, explained that it all began when the foreign cooperation Celestial Green Ventures approached them with a REDD project and contract at a meeting held in Jacareacanga City Hall in August 2011.

Chief Osmarino stated that councilors of the municipality and representatives of the FUNAI (Brazil’s governmental bureau of Indigenous Affairs) were present. Most of the Munduruku were against the concept of the project, and therefore the Munduruku agreed not to sign the contract.

Chief Osmarino recalls, that the “Munduruku warriors almost beat the company’s representatives”.

Celestial Green Ventures informed everyone present at the meeting, that two other indigenous nations had signed a similar contract with them. If this is true, I wasn’t able to find out which ones.

What happened next is the tragic reality of so many REDD contracts that have been signed by indigenous individuals who are not recognized leaders of the people they claim to represent.

Chief Osmarino explained that after the REDD meeting, twelve individuals; Munduruku that were not chiefs nor in any other representational position, non-indigenous advisors, councilors of the municipality and representatives of the cooperation, continued a closed, secretly held meeting in a hotel, where the contract was signed.

“The chiefs were against the company’s carbon credit sales contract proposal, but some indigenous and others, such as councilors of the municipality, signed the contract” explained chief Osmarino. “We did not know it, we learned that the contract was signed through the internet” he added.

“The contract was in sane, we couldn’t believe it when we finally saw it ” said Marquinho Mota, from Brazilian NGO FAOR. “The contract that was signed by a few individuals, and governmental authorities, without the free, prior, informed consent of the Munduruku community, granting the company Celestrial Green Ventures rights to the absolute unhindered, unrestricted use of their indigenous land for 30 years.” Marquinho added.

Munduruku_Photo © Rebecca Sommer

Munduruku_Photo © Rebecca Sommer

“In my opinion, this REDD project is bad because over the next 30 years we are according to the contract not allowed to hunt and gather, or to plant food, to fish, to remove fruits from the forest, or cutting wood when we need it,” said Chief Osmarino to Humanitarian Institute Unisinos in an interview.

The company Celestial Green Ventures offered the Munduruku a payment of 120 Million US Dollar for the REDD project. Yet it is not clear if payments have been made, and to whom, if at all.

Chief Osmarino Munduruku informed that the Indigenous Association Pusuru (Associação Indígena Pusuru) is assumed to receive the payment, but that no information has been provided to the Munduruku chiefs, if this transition did in fact, already take place.

On REDD-monitors website (which I highly recommend), investigative journalist Chris Lang states that ”In June 2011, Celestial Green Ventures sold one million uncertified, voluntary carbon credits to a London-based company called Industry RE. But the relationship between these two companies seems to go back to 2009, according to Industry RE’s website:

“In 2009 Industry Re partnered with Celestial Green as they entered into their first REDD project. This entailed the purchase of a majority share holding (97%) in a Brazilian company – Capital First Management Bank Ltda, who own 10,000 hectares of tropical rainforest in the state of Rondonia, Brazil. CFMB also had a mining licence for the gold mining on 4,300 hectares of this pristine area of land. By purchasing this company, Celestial Green have let the mining licence lapse and intend to preserve this ecologically delicate area through obtaining carbon credits under the REDD guidelines.”

To read the full article from Chris Lang CLICK HERE

“Recently, at our Munduruku assembly we decided that we want to cancel the contract. If money was deposited, we want that it is returned to the company.” said Chief Osmarino.

Excerpts from this contract have been published in Portuguese by the Humanitarian Institute Unisinos, I have attempted to translate it as accurate as possible:

First paragraph: This contract gives the company the right to perform all analyzes and technical studies, including unrestricted access to the entire area to its agents and representatives, for the purpose of collecting data, in order to obtain maximum validation of the forests carbon credits.

Second paragraph: This agreement aims to create conditions for the company Celestrial Green Ventures to proceed with the use of studies and available methodologies to get international validation carbon credits for a period of 30 years.

Third paragraph: The documents provided in Annex I give the company all rights to the carbon credits obtained by any methodology, including all rights to the benefits that will be obtained from the biodiversity of this area during the contract period.

Fourth paragraph: The owner (the Munduruku) agrees to provide the company with all permits and required documents (records, state and local permits, approval of licenses) for the company to carry out its activities in the project area.

Paragraph fifth: If carbon credits, for whatever reason, are unattainable from this property, then this contract will be null and void.”

Chief Osmarino informed that the contract also says that “the owner agrees not to perform any activity or changes in land-use, that may somehow negatively affect the design of carbon credits. The owner undertakes to maintain the property according to the methodology established by the company.”

“The owner agrees to comply with all local, federal and state laws in relation to the contract area.”

“Without the prior written consent of the company, the owner agrees not to carry out any works in the contract area, or to undertake any other activity that might affect the amount of captured carbon, or to contribute in some way, to negatively affect the image of the company and its project.”

“For the execution of works that the owner wishes to make in the contract area, it should present them to the company in writing. “

“Without the authorization of the company, the owner agrees not to undertake any invervention in the project area, such as the construction of buildings, cutting, logging, fires, dam construction, mining, agriculture, tourism, road construction or other activities that may have negative effects on the methodology used by the company for the validation of the project.”

“The owner is forbidden to sell, transfer or donate all or part of the land to third parties without the prior consent of the company.“

A committee of Munduruku have made the decision to deliver a report to the Brazilian Government outlining the circumstances behind this most recent manipulation and exploitation of Indigenous Peoples.

“We want the contract to be canceled.” said Chief Osmarino Manhoari Munduruku.

While in many countries these corrupt, illegal manoeuvrings of contract signing take place with Indigenous peoples, often pushed for by ruthless NGOs. (see an example VIDEO CLICK HERE), the Munduruku are actually lucky.

Brazils’ governmental branch dealing with indigenous peoples, FUNAI recently announced that over 30 contracts that have been signed or negotiated between indigenous peoples and companies are nullified and illegal.

To read more about the FUNAI announcement CLICK HERE

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Os indígenas Munduruku e a venda de créditos de carbono. Entrevista especial com Osmarino Manhoari Munduruku

Monday, March 26th, 2012

“Os caciques eram contra a proposta da empresa, mas alguns indígenas e outros vereadores do município assinaram o contrato”, esclarece o cacique Osmarino Manhoari Munduruku.

Lea a entrevista

Conflict And Speculation In Tropical Forests Set To Grow

Thursday, February 4th, 2010

As forest areas boom in value, investors, traders, and northern governments will contest for these lands. Governments still declare ownership of about 65 percent of the world’s forests, while only about 9 percent are legally owned or designated for use by communities and indigenous peoples. And national and local leaders may become the target of efforts to use bribery to obtain forest-related agreements that fail to consider the rights of those most affected.
The End of the Hinterland provides examples of conflicts between forest communities and outsiders:
CLICK: READ ARTICLE

The REDD Mafia

Thursday, February 4th, 2010

In Papua New Guinea, a native leader, Abilie Wape, from the Kamula Doso Peoples, was kidnapped and forced at gun point to give away the rights for the carbon stored in the idigenous’ forest. In Kenya, a UNEP-funded REDD project in the Mau forest has led to evictions and threatens the cultural survival of the Ogiek hunter-gathers.
CLICK:The REDD Mafia