Posts Tagged ‘Incomindios’

BERLIN: Demonstration in Support to Indigenous Causes in Brazil

Saturday, November 10th, 2012

BERLIN 9.11.2012: Human Rights groups such as Earth Peoples, Menschenrechte 3000, Rettet den Regenwald, FIAN, Gegenstroemung, Incomindios, ASW and other human rights advocates protested yesterday in front of the Brandenburger Tor in solidarity with the plight of the Brazilian Indigenous Peoples Guarani-Kaiowá, as a response to the news that the Federal Court of Brazil had determined the expulsion of the Guarani from the land they inhabit at the river Hovy.

The Chief of the Tuxá people Uilton Tuxá, a board member of APIB (National Articulation of the Indigenous People of Brazil), and the Secretary General of APOINME (the Indigenous Peoples Organizations of the Northeast, Minas Gerais and Espirito Santo) was also present at the protest.

Uilton Tuxá and Rebecca Sommer holding the INCOMINDIOS Banner at Guarani Solidarity Protest Action in Berlin (Photo © INCOMINDIOS)

Uilton Tuxá and Rebecca Sommer holding the Banner at Guarani Solidarity Protest Action in Berlin (Photo © INCOMINDIOS)

The history of Brazil is the story of the extermination of the Amerindian populations that used to live in the vast continent before the arrival of Europeans in 1500. For half a millennium the native people were enslaved, acculturated by Jesuit missionaries, expelled from their territory and massacred by pathfinders. Several ethnicities and languages disappeared. The remaining groups inhabit today meager reserves. Recognizing the irreparable crimes committed in the country against its native peoples, the Brazilian constitution of 1988 established that indigenous territories should be defined and protected by the state to ensure the survival of these fragile populations.

However, the course of history has not changed in the decades that followed. The process of demarcation of indigenous lands has been slow and sensitive to pressure large landowners and agribusiness. Today, for obstructing the country’s unruled progress and unstoppable expansion of monoculture, Brazilian Indigenous populations continue to be expelled from their lands and to be, as before, acculturated by the church – this time the evangelical.

The Indigenous populations have been suffering two forms of violence: on one side by the militias organized by landowners, on the other side by the State itself. In land disputes, the Federal Court tends to favor large landowners, in addition to not punishing their crimes. Legitimated by justice, police violently expel the natives of their territories, while the murderers of countless indigenous leaders and activists remain unpunished.

Also in the mandate of President Dilma Rousseff, the demarcation of Indian lands is made nearly impossible. Agribusiness and the expansion of the monoculture of sugarcane and soybeans continue to be favored over native communities and the environment. The construction of the Belo Monte hydroelectric  power plant in the middle of the Amazon forest – which will be the third largest in the world – despite the protests of environmentalists, indigenous organizations, the local population that lives in Altamira and academics, is just one example of how the government is willing to pay any price, whether human or environmental, to maintain its ongoing economic project for the country.

Guarani girl with forest bird (Photo © Rebecca Sommer)

Guarani girl with forest bird (Photo © Rebecca Sommer)

All over Brazil the culture and survival of many indigenous groups is threatened. The situation of the Guarani-Kaiowás (population 43 000), however, is particularly terrible. Their territories are too tight to ensure their survival. The nature around them is devastated, and the homicide rate in the region is higher than in war zones. Thus, kids suffer from malnutrition and the adults from alcoholism. Many, especially young people, hang themselves on tree branches.

Facing this situation and the threat of the expulsion news, we wish to bring everyone’s attention to these facts and to ask President Dilma Roseff to commit to the immediate demarcation of indigenous territories.

In spite of computing more than 43 thousand individuals, the lands occupied by the Guarani-Kaiowá represent only 0.1% of the territory of South Mato Grosso; less than 5% of the territory historically occupied by them.

– Since 2003 more than 500 Indians were murdered in Brazil.
– In 2011, only 51 cases were registered (which is equivalent to one Indian murdered per week)
– The state of Mato Grosso do Sul, where the Guara-Kaiowa live, register the highest number of Indian murders(62%).
– The land occupied by the Guarani-Kaiowá today corresponds to 0.1% of Mato Grosso do Sul, 5% of the historically territory occupied by them.
– The rate murder in the Reservation of Dourados, where they live, is 1.5 times higher than in regions states of declared war and 5 times higher than the national average.
– 90% of these homicides are not solved.
– Every six days, a young Guarani Caiová commits suicide. Since 1980, about 1500 took there own lives.
– In 2011, 26 cases were registered, most of them men between 15 and 19 years.


Berlin Protest in solidarity with Guarani Kaiowa (Photo © Rebecca Sommer)

Berlin Protest in solidarity with Guarani Kaiowa (Photo © Earth Peoples)

VIDEO: Rio+20 – Indigenous Peoples – Protest March – Free Land Camp – Peoples Summit – June 2012

Thursday, July 5th, 2012

This Audio-Visual Report was filmed by Rebecca Sommer in June 2012, at the Free Land Camp (Alternative space for Indigenous Peoples of Brazil) in the Peoples’ Summit during the UN Conference on Sustainable Development – Rio +20.

Chief Raoni and other indigenous leaders demand access to UN Rio+20 (Screenshot of VIDEO © Rebecca Sommer)

Chief Raoni and other indigenous leaders demand access to UN Rio+20 (Screenshot of VIDEO © Rebecca Sommer)

– Protest march and occupation of the headquarters of BNDES against the construction of Belo Monte Hydroelectric dam.
– Protest march in front of the Rio Centro (Place of the UN Conference in Rio +20) with the goal to deliver their Indigenous Free Land Camp Declaration.
– the struggle of the Brazilian Indigenous Peoples for the UN and the Brazilian Government to hear their grievances and demands, since most of them were almost excluded from the official discussion of the Rio+20 UN Conference. Several traditional leaders had no credentials to enter and participate in discussions in the UN event.

The traditional leaders were also disappointed by the indifference of the UN High Commissioner on Human Rights that had not responded to their request for a meeting with her during the Conference.



Pirakuman Yawalapiti (Screen shot from video © Rebecca Sommer)

Pirakuman Yawalapiti (Screen shot from video © Rebecca Sommer)

VIDEO: Rio+20 – A luta dos Povos Indígenas Brasileiros – Acampamento Terra Livre – Junio 2012

Thursday, July 5th, 2012

Este Relatório de Audio-Visual foi filmado por Rebecca Sommer em junho de 2012, no Acampamento Terra Livre ( Espaço destinado para os Povos Indígenas Brasileiros) dentro da Cúpula dos Povos no período da Conferencia de Desenvolvimento Sustentável da ONU – Rio+20.


RAONI no ATL Rio+20 (Photo © Rebecca Sommer)

RAONI no ATL Rio+20 (Photo © Rebecca Sommer)

O vídeo monstra a luta dos Povos Indígenas Brasileiros para que a ONU e o Governo Brasileiro escutassem as suas reivindicações e demandas, já que estavam quase em sua maioria excluídos da discussão oficial da Conferencia. Vários representantes tradicionais dos povos indígenas não tinham nem sequer credenciais para entrar e participar das discussões no evento da ONU.

– Marcha de Protesto e ocupação da Sede do BNDES contra a construção da Hidroeléctrica Belo Monte

– Marcha de Protesto em frente ao RioCentro (Local da Conferencia da ONU na RIO+20 ) para entrega da Declaração Indígena elaborada pelo Acampamento Terra Livre.

As Lideranças tradicionais também ficaram desapontadas com o descaso do Alto Comissariado de Direitos Humanos da ONU, que nem sequer respondeu a solicitação de um encontro durante a Conferencia.


Indigenous Peoples Free Land Camp Declaration-Rio+20 (Photo © Rebecca Sommer)

Declaração Indígena elaborada pelo Acampamento Terra Livre

Rio+20 (Photo © Rebecca Sommer)