Posts Tagged ‘Canada’

NSA: FOR THOSE THAT DOUBT HOW BAD IT REALLY IS: XKeyscore presentation from 2008 – read in full

Sunday, September 15th, 2013

The Guardian published, despite intimidation tactics, America’s NSA 2008 XKeyscore program training materials, that mention at the top of the document the names of three other countries: Canada, New Zealand and Great Britain. The declassified NSA “XKeyscore 2008 training program” details how analysts can use it and other systems, to mine enormous agency databases and develop intelligence from the web. Several pagesd got blacked out, but there is a hell of a lot of information what is done to us, the people of the world.

It is truly alarming, read it in full, share and save it elsewhere, who knows how long it’s allowed to remain on the web, even so it was declassified.

To read the US NSA 2008 XKeyscore program training materials, click here

NSA Keystone 2008 training program page

NSA Keystone 2008 training program page


NSA Keystone 2008 training program page

NSA Keystone 2008 training program page

Canadian government lost court case and must recognize Metis as “Indigenous” under the constitution

Saturday, March 9th, 2013

BREAKING DOWN A LANDMARK DECISION

What legal document does this case refer to?

The Manitoba Act of 1870, which brought Manitoba into Confederation. The Red River settlers, the majority of whom were French-speaking, Roman Catholic Métis, feared the influx of Protestant and English-speaking settlers. After surveyors from Canada were met with armed resistance, the Métis, led by Louis Riel, negotiated the creation of Manitoba. In return for the settlers agreeing to lay down their arms and become part of Canada, Canada agreed, in Section 31 of the Manitoba Act, to provide 566,000 hectares (1.4 million acres) of land to Métis children.

What was the problem?

The distribution of the land was fraught with problems. There were mistakes made determining the number of Métis children, resulting in 993 children not getting any land. It took 10 years to distribute the land, and much of the best land was already gone by the time the land was distributed. The plots, about 100 hectares per child, were distributed randomly, and siblings within families were often allotted land several hundred kilometres from each other. The 993 children who didn’t receive land eventually received money instead, but the amount was based on outdated prices and could no longer purchase 100 hectares of land by the time it was distributed.

What did the Manitoba Metis Federation want in this case?

This case is not about granting money or land to the Métis people. The Métis asked the courts for a declaration that Canada reneged on its fiduciary obligation to the Métis people of Manitoba; that it violated the honour of the Crown in doing so, and that certain bills passed by the Government of Manitoba between 1870 and 1880 were unconstitutional.

What did the Supreme Court say?

After both the Manitoba Court of Appeal and the lower court in Manitoba rejected the MMF claims, the Supreme Court ruled Friday the Crown “failed to implement the land-grant provision set out in Section 31 of the Manitoba Act, 1870 in accordance with the honour of the Crown.” The claim regarding fiduciary duty was dismissed. The claim about the provincial statutes was not dealt with, as the court said the laws had long since been repealed and addressing them would be “moot.”

Are non-indigenous Canadians at risk of losing their property to the Métis?

No. While the Red River Settlement included what is now modern-day Winnipeg, Manitoba Metis Federation president David Chartrand said the Métis are not out to push people out of their homes and off land they legitimately purchased. He said the Métis know what it’s like to be pushed from their homes and will not do that to anyone else. Instead, they want to negotiate cash settlements with Ottawa, or land claims from existing Crown land.

This happened more than a century ago. Why is it still an issue?

Both the federal and provincial governments argued in their briefs to the court that the case was without merit because it had long passed the statute of limitations. Both the Manitoba Court of Appeal and the lower court in Manitoba agreed. However, the Supreme Court said Friday because the Métis were not seeking personal remedies, and made no claim for damages, the case was not affected by the passage of time.

If the MMF wasn’t seeking money or land, why bother?

This case gives the Manitoba Metis Federation some weight behind negotiations for land or cash settlements with the federal government. Although it did not specifically ask for the court to determine how much the Métis people are owed, the MMF will use the ruling to argue the federal government needs to live up to promises made 143 years ago.

Earth Peoples Idle no More Letter to the Ambassadors of Canada to the United Nations, OAS, European Union

Friday, February 1st, 2013

By  Earth Peoples

TO: Permanent Mission of Canada to the United Nations

Ambassador Guillermo E. Rishchynski
One Dag Hammarskjöld Plaza
885 Second Avenue, 14th Floor
New York, NY 10017
USA

TO: Permanent Mission of Canada to the Organization of American States
Ambassador Allan Culham
501 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
USA

TO: Mission of Canada to the European Union
H. David Plunkett
Avenue de Tervuren 2
1040 Brussels
Belgium

Dear Ambassador Rishchynski, Culham and Plunkett,

As part of the “Idle no more movement”, we are very concerned about Canada’s most recent discriminatory activities against Indigenous Peoples and in general Canada’s human rights violation records and alarming environmental policies that are saddening many of us around the world, as well as our Earth Peoples partners that are indigenous, and the original people from the land that you represent to the UN, OAS and EU.

You know that October 18th 2012 the so called Bill C-45 was introduced by the Harper Government and received royal assent on Dec. 14th as the “Jobs and Growth Act, 2012.” Among its 400 pages it includes changes which severely threaten Indigenous Peoples and the environment:

 Regarding the “Indian Act”: modifications enabling the leasing of reserve lands, thus allowing easier opening of indigenous treaty lands and territories.
 Regarding the “Navigation Protection Act”: Major pipeline and power line corporations are no longer obliged to prove that navigable affected waterways are not being damaged. These amendments remove protection for 99.9 per cent of lakes and rivers in Canada.
 Regarding the “Environmental Assessment Act”: Environmental assessment processes have been severely reduced in their meaning and applicability.

These are just 3 points of many others that are alarming our partners and the people of the world that do care about human rights and the rights of Mother Earth.

The result: A paradise for transnational corporations and their devastating resources exploitation without restrictions – Severe discrimination of Indigenous Peoples/First Nations, their treaty rights and Aboriginal Title as well as terrible effects on the environment and indigenous territory.

The grassroot movement “Idle no more” was formed in reaction to Bill C-45. But this bill is just the tip of the iceberg: “Idle no more” is rather a reaction to an inhumane disrespectful policy which significantly worsened since the Harper government took over.

Thus, the “Idle no more” movement must be seen in the following context of Canada’s environmental and human rights violations:
 Tarsand Industry: Disastrous devastations and intoxications of vast regions for the sake of oil exploitation which are highly disruptive for all life. Canada’s restless lobbying attempts to fight against the EU – Fuel Quality Directive, manipulating the EU to accept this dirty energy is just one of many recent examples.
 Planning and extension of the Keystone Pipeline and Enbridge Northern Gate Pipelines through Indigenous Peoples territory without their free prior informed consent, providing the risk of severe pollution due to i.e. oil spills.
 Canada’s withdrawal from the Kyoto Protocol, violating its own obligatory commitments for the sake of about 30% more Greenhouse Gas emissions (compared to 1990) due to its disastrous resource exploitation such as specifically the tar sand industry. Since the inaugural of the Harper government, emissions have risen dramatically making Canada the 3rd biggest per capita emission polluter of the world.
 Canada’s tireless opposition at the Rio +20 negotiations concerning “Water as a Human Right”.
 The introduction of Bill 78 (May 19th, 2012), limiting the right to protest, in response to students’ demonstrations in the province of Quebec.
 On June 1st, 2012 the United Nations Committee Against Torture issued a report accusing Canada of “complicity” in torture cases.
 On May 16th, 2012 Oivier DeSchutter, UN Special Rapporteur on Food emphasized the significance of “access to land” in order to have food, promoted the Aboriginal Title and the right to self-determination of Indigenous Peoples. Thus he expressed his concerns about Canada’s federal government policies that have disrupted and even devastated the traditional practices of Indigenous People by removing controls over land and natural resources.
 In late February 2012, the UN Committee on Racial Discrimination (CERD) expressed its concerns about Canada’s policy regarding Indigenous Peoples, mentioning disproportionally high incarceration numbers, conflicts over land specifically in regards to treaty rights, Aboriginal Title and extractive industries. Furthermore, it also reflected on violence against women and their disappearance.
 On June 8th 2012, based on these examples, UN High Commissioner on Human Rights Navanethem Pillay, included Canada on a list of some of the world’s worst human rights violators.

Therefore, the “Working Circle Indians of North America” reminds Canada to comply to its commitment to respect human rights as a nation which was heavily involved in the elaboration of the UN Declaration of Human Rights. Canada also has to respect treaties, which have been signed with First Nations on a nation to nation basis. Furthermore, Canada finally endorsed the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, including the right to self-determination and free, prior informed consent.

Thus we call on Canada to end its policy of discrimination against Indigenous Peoples and, for the sake of all life, to stop its disastrous exploitation of the environment.

In solidarity with the original four founders of “Idle no more”, Jessica Gordon, Sheelah Mclean, Sylvia McAdams, Nina Wilson and Chief Theresa Spence we demand:

IDLE NO MORE!

Sincerely,
Earth Peoples